E-Numbers and their Names

This listing details the additive E-Numbers and Names originally accepted by the EU.
Some have since been generally withdrawn from use while others are banned in certain countries.

This situation changes on a regular basis as more research is carried out.

 

Colours

E100
Curcumin
E101
(i) Riboflavin
 
(ii) Riboflavin-5'-phosphate
E102
Tartrazine
E104
Quinoline yellow
E110
Sunset Yellow FCF; Orange Yellow S
E120
Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
E122
Azorubine; Carmoisine
E123
Amaranth
E124
Ponceau 4R; Cochineal Red A
E127
Erythrosine
E129
Allura Red AC
E131
Patent Blue V
E132
lndigotine; Indigo Carmine
E133
Brilliant Blue FCF
E140
Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins
E141
Copper complexes of chlorophyll and chlorophyllins
E142
Green S
E150a
Plain caramel
E150b
Caustic sulphite caramel
E150c
Ammonia caramel
E150d
Sulphite ammonia caramel
E151
Brilliant Black BN; Black PN
E153
Vegetable carbon
E154
Brown FK
E155
Brown HT
E160a
Carotenes
E160b
Annatto; Bixin; Norbixin
E160c
Paprika extract; Capsanthian; Capsorubin
E160d
Lycopene
E160e
Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C30)
E160f
Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenoic acid (C30) - Food Orange 7
E161b
Lutein
E161g
Canthaxanthin
E162
Beetroot Red; Betanin
E163
Anthocyanins
E170
Calcium carbonate
E171
Titanium dioxide
E172
Iron oxides and hydroxides
E173
Aluminium
E174
Silver
E175
Gold
E180
Litholrubine BK

 

Preservatives

E200
Sorbic acid
E202
Potassium sorbate
E203
Calcium sorbate
E210
Benzoic acid
E211
Sodium benzoate
E212
Potassium benzoate
E213
Calcium benzoate
E214
Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E215
Sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E218
Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E219
Sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E220
Sulphur dioxide
E221
Sodium sulphite
E222
Sodium hydrogen sulphite
E223
Sodium metabisulphite
E224
Potassium metabisulphite
E226
Calcium sulphite
E227
Calcium hydrogen sulphite
E228
Potassium hydrogen sulphite
E230
Biphenyl; diphenyl
E231
Orthophenyl phenol
E232
Sodium orthophenyl phenol
E234
Nisin
E235
Natamycin
E239
Hexamethylene tetramine
E242
Dimethyl dicarbonate
E249
Potassium nitrite
E250
Sodium nitrite
E251
Sodium nitrate
E252
Potassium nitrate
E280
Propionic acid
E281
Sodium propionate
E282
Calcium propionate
E283
Potassium propionate
E284
Boric acid
E285
Sodium tetraborate; borax
E1105
Lysozyme

Antioxidants

E300
Ascorbic acid
E301
Sodium ascorbate
E302
Calcium ascorbate
E304
Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid
E306
Tocopherols
E307
Alpha-tocopherol
E308
Gamma-tocopherol
E309
Delta-tocopherol
E310
Propyl gallate
E311
Octyl gallate
E312
Dodecyl gallate
E315
Erythorbic acid
E316
Sodium erythorbate
E319
Tertiary-butyl hydroquinone (TBHQ)
E320
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)
E321
Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)
E586
4-Hexylresorcinol

 

E420
(i) Sorbitol
(ii) Sorbitol syrup
E421
Mannitol
E953
lsomalt
E965
(i) Maltitol
(ii) Maltitol syrup
E966
Lactitol
E967
Xylitol
E968
Erythritol
E950
Acesulfame K
E951
Aspartame
E952
Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts
E954
Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts
E955
Sucralose
E957
Thaumatin
E959
Neohesperidine DC
E962
Salt of aspartame-acesulfame

 

Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents

E322
Lecithins
E400
Alginic acid
E401
Sodium alginate
E402
Potassium alginate
E403
Ammonium alginate
E404
Calcium alginate
E405
Propane-1,2-diol alginate
E406
Agar
E407
Carrageenan
E407a
Processed eucheuma seaweed
E410
Locust bean gum; carob gum
E412
Guar gum
E413
Tragacanth
E414
Acacia gum; gum arabic
E415
Xanthan gum
E416
Karaya gum
E417
Tara gum
E418
Gellan gum
E425
Konjac
E426
Soybean hemicellulose
E432
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate; Polysorbate 20
E433
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate; Polysorbate 80
E434
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate; Polysorbate 40
E435
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate; Polysorbate 60
E436
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate; Polysorbate 65
E440
Pectins
E442
Ammonium phosphatides
E444
Sucrose acetate isobutyrate
E445
Glycerol esters of wood rosins
E460
Cellulose
E461
Methyl cellulose
E462
Ethyl cellulose
E463
Hydroxypropyl cellulose
E464
Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose
E465
Ethyl methyl cellulose
E466
Carboxy methyl cellulose
 
Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose
E468
Crosslinked sodium carboxy methyl cellulose
 
Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose
E470a
Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids
E470b
Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E471
Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472a
Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472b
Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472c
Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472d
Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472e
Mono- and diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472f
Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E473
Sucrose esters of fatty acids
E474
Sucroglycerides
E475
Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
E476
Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E477
Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids
E479b
Thermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono­ and diglycerides of fatty acids
E481
Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E482
Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E483
Stearyl tartrate
E491
Sorbitan monostearate
E492
Sorbitan tristearate
E493
Sorbitan monolaurate
E494
Sorbitan monooleate
E495
Sorbitan monopalmitate
E1103
Invertase

Others

Acid, acidity regulators, anti-caking agents, anti-foaming agents, bulking agents,
carriers and carrier solvents, emulsifying salts,
firming agents, flavour enhancers, flour treatment agents,
foaming agents, glazing agents, humectants, modified starches, packaging gases,
propellants, raising agents and sequestrants.

E260
Acetic acid
E261
Potassium acetate
E262
Sodium acetate
E263
Calcium acetate
E270
Lactic acid
E290
Carbon dioxide
E296
Malic acid
E297
Fumaric acid
E325
Sodium lactate
E326
Potassium lactate
E327
Calcium lactate
E330
Citric acid
E331
Sodium citrates
E332
Potassium citrates
E333
Calcium citrates
E334
Tartaric acid (L-(+))
E335
Sodium tartrates
E336
Potassium tartrates
E337
Sodium potassium tartrate
E338
Phosphoric acid
E339
Sodium phosphates
E340
Potassium phosphates
E341
Calcium phosphates
E343
Magnesium phosphates
E350
Sodium malates
E351
Potassium malate
E352
Calcium malates
E353
Metatartaric acid
E354
Calcium tartrate
E355
Adipic acid
E356
Sodium adipate
E357
Potassium adipate
E363
Succinic acid
E380
Triammonium citrate
E385
Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetra-acetate; calcium disodium EDTA
E422
Glycerol
E431
Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate
E450
Diphosphates
E451
Triphosphates
E452
Polyphosphates
E459
Beta-cyclodextrin
E500
Sodium carbonates
E501
Potassium carbonates
E503
Ammonium carbonates
E504
Magnesium carbonates
E507
Hydrochloric acid
E508
Potassium chloride
E509
Calcium chloride
E511
Magnesium chloride
E512
Stannous chloride
E513
Sulphuric acid
E514
Sodium sulphates
E515
Potassium sulphates
E516
Calcium sulphate
E517
Ammonium sulphate
E520
Aluminium sulphate
E521
Aluminium sodium sulphate
E522
Aluminium potassium sulphate
E523
Aluminium ammonium sulphate
E524
Sodium hydroxide
E525
Potassium hydroxide
E526
Calcium hydroxide
E527
Ammonium hydroxide
E528
Magnesium hydroxide
E529
Calcium oxide
E530
Magnesium oxide
E535
Sodium ferrocyanide
E536
Potassium ferrocyanide
E538
Calcium ferrocyanide
E541
Sodium aluminium phosphate
E551
Silicon dioxide
E 552
Calcium silicate
E553a
(i) Magnesium silicate
  (ii) Magnesium trisilicate
E553b
Talc
E554
Sodium aluminium silicate
E555
Potassium aluminium silicate
E556
Aluminium calcium silicate
E558
Bentonite
E559
Aluminium silicate; Kaolin
E570
Fatty acids
E574
Gluconic acid
E575
Glucono delta-lactone
E576
Sodium gluconate
E577
Potassium gluconate
E578
Calcium gluconate
E579
Ferrous gluconate
E585
Ferrous lactate
E620
Glutamic acid
E621
Monosodium glutamate
E622
Monopotassium glutamate
E623
Calcium diglutamate
E624
Monoammonium glutamate
E625
Magnesium diglutamate
E626
Guanylic acid
E627
Disodium guanylate
E628
Dipotassium guanylate
E629
Calcium guanylate
E630
lnosinic acid
E631
Disodium inosinate
E632
Dipotassium inosinate
E633
Calcium inosinate
E634
Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides
E635
Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides
E640
Glycine and its sodium salt
E650
Zinc acetate
E900
Dimethylpolysiloxane
E901
Beeswax, white and yellow
E902
Candelilla wax
E903
Carnauba wax
E904
Shellac
E905
Microcrystalline wax
E912
Montan acid esters
E914
Oxidised Polyethylene wax
E920
L-Cysteine
E927b
Carbamide
E938
Argon
E939
Helium
E941
Nitrogen
E942
Nitrous oxide
E943a
Butane
E943b
Iso-butane
E944
Propane
E948
Oxygen
E949
Hydrogen
E999
Quillaia extract
E1200
Polydextrose
E1201
Polyvinylpyrrolidone
E1202
Polyvinylpolypyrrolidone
E1204
Pullulan
E1404
Oxidised starch
E1410
Monostarch phosphate
E1412
Distarch phosphate
E1413
Phosphated distarch phosphate
E1414
Acetylated distarch phosphate
E1420
Acetylated starch
E1422
Acetylated distarch adipate
E1440
Hydroxyl propyl starch
E1442
Hydroxy propyl distarch phosphate
E1450
Starch sodium octenyl succinate
E1451
Acetylated oxidised starch
E1452
Starch aluminium Octenyl succinate
  Polyethylene glycol 6000
E1505
Triethyl citrate
E1518
Glyceryl triacetate; triacetin
E1520
Propan-1,2-diol; propylene glycol